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Ultra-sensitive NH3 sensor based on flower-shaped SnS2 nanostructures with sub-ppm detection ability

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标题: Ultra-sensitive NH3 sensor based on flower-shaped SnS2 nanostructures with sub-ppm detection ability
资源摘要: Publication date: 5 November 2018
Source:Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 341

Author(s): Ya Xiong, Wangwang Xu, Degong Ding, Wenbo Lu, Lei Zhu, Zongye Zhu, Ying Wang, Qingzhong Xue

Layered metal dichalcogenides (LMDs) semiconducting materials have recently attracted tremendous attention as high performance gas sensors due to unique chemical and physical properties of thin layers. Here, three-dimensional SnS2 nanoflower structures assembled with thin nanosheets were synthesized via a facile solvothermal process. When applied to detect 100ppm NH3 at 200°C, the SnS2 based sensor exhibited high response value of 7.4, short response/recovery time of 40.6s/624s. Moreover, the sensor demonstrated a low detection limit of 0.5ppm NH3 and superb selectivity to NH3 against CO2, CH4, H2, ethanol and acetone. The excellent performance is attributed to the unique thin layers assembled flower-like nanoarchitecture, which facilitates both the carrier charge transfer process and the adsorption/desorption reaction. More importantly, it was found that the sensor response enhanced with increasing oxygen content in background and was improved by 3.57 times with oxygen content increasing from 0 to 40%. The increased response is owing to the enhanced binding energies between SnS2 and NH3 moleculers. Theoretically, density functional theory was employed to reveal the NH3 adsorption mechanism in different background oxygen contents, which opens a new horizon for LMD based structures applied in various gas sensing fields.

Graphical abstract

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资源来源机构: Elsevier
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